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Analysis and Policy Measures of Seoul’s All Day Care

Hyesook LeeㆍInchel SinㆍSamhyun YooㆍYoungjoo Lee

The aim of the study was to analyze the use of Afterschool Care in Seoul and estimate the demand until 2024 to provide the basis for the All Maeul Care plan. For this purpose, a survey was conducted. Sample of this study consist of 1,250 parents of elementary school students in lower grades (1rd through 3rd grade). The main results are as follows. 
First, as of 2019, the rate of public afterschool care for lower school age in Seoul was 20.5%. The rate of public afterschool care was different depending on the type of institution, dual income family and residential environment. Second, combining the main reasons for using and choosing public afterschool care institutions, there is a complex need for safe caring and learning support. Contrary to past study findings, the quality of care program and convenience of facilities were somewhat higher than accessibility. This result seems to reflect the characteristics of education enthusiasm in Seoul. Prior to estimating the demand for Seoul’s All Maeul Care service, we estimated the number of elementary school students in lower grades in Seoul and five region centers for the next five years (from 2020 to 2024). The number of elementary school students in lower grades in Seoul is expected to reach 66,602 in 2020. It will then decrease to 53,147 in 2024. Finally, results of the current supply plans and demand estimates showed that the supply would be less than the demand until 2022. If the supply plan is carried out by 2022, the demand will not be met by 2023.
This study is meaningful in that results of this study could be used as basic data for policy promotion based on empirical evidence by examining the actual condition and demand for all day care of elementary school students in lower grades. Above all, it is meaningful in that the supply of all day care is insufficient at the present level. The empirical data confirmed that the use status would vary according to the region center, dual income family, household income and the grade of the child.
Although this study has its strengths, it also has some limitations. Since this study conducted a sample survey on elementary school students in lower grades, it was not a complete survey to identify all day care needs of all elementary school students. Although many different variables are considered in this study, there are certain limitations in that parents cannot change their behavior based on only one actual situation and intention to use in the future.