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Establishing a Master Plan for Developing Civil Democracy in Seoul Metropolitan Government

Byeongsun JeongㆍWonsill Hwang

To establish a master plan for developing civil democracy in Seoul Metropolitan Government, the concept, nature, composition system and planning conditions of civil democracy were considered in various ways in order to derive a basic concept of the plan. Considering conditions of this plan first established in the 7th year of civil election, the nature, scope and composition system of the basic plan were then established. Finally, planning conditions necessary for establishing the basic plan for civil democracy were investigated and analyzed.

Based on results of analysis, a priority planning task was drawn for related institutional innovation to establish a resource base for democratic correction and a civil society policy ecosystem.

The following five priority tasks were drawn to innovate the system related to civil democracy: ① Reasonable improvement and reorganization of ordinances and related plans related to deliberation, cooperation and autonomy; ② Establishment of a democratic correction system that can lead to participation and deliberation; ③ Search for continuous administrative innovation (institutional innovation) for the advancement of corrective measures; ④ Decentralization including establishing a mid- to long-term institutional foundation for the realization of self-government and resident self-governance; and ⑤ Social awareness of democracy and self-government with and the establishment and diffusion of administrative culture.

To establish the resource base for democratic administration, the following three priority issues were drawn: ① Expansion of various resources necessary for the introduction and operation of the system and establishment of an effective management system; ② Expansion of public resources to promote citizen democracy and establishment of an institutional foundation for rational management; and ③ Financial independence base for securing sustainability and autonomy of civil society ecosystem arrangements and the like.

The following three priority issues were drawn to build a civil society policy ecosystem: ① Realization of civil democracy, including strengthening the self-reliance foundation for sustainable growth in the wide and basic civil society; ② Establishing a social recognition system to promote public interest activities; and ③ Strengthening capabilities of civil society actors and promoting mutual linkage and cooperation.

In addition, it was necessary to consider the role and operation system of an interim support organization with the re-establishment of the segmented policy promotion system as a current task for each related field.