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Strategic Development Schemes for Community-Based Collaborative Governance during the 7th Mayoral Term

Byeong-Sun JeongㆍEun-Young Han

One of the major policies of the 6th mayoral term, ‘Building a Collaborative Governance Model for Local Communities’ is being actively implemented in the 7th term. In the 7th mayoral term, the Seoul Metropolitan Government had set ‘establishment of a support system based on community-based collaborative governance’ as one of its priority projects and managed multiple collaborative governance projects such as ‘the Local collaborative governance innovation plan’, ‘the ○○borough collaborative governance committee’, and ‘the Platform for citizen cooperation’. These projects by the Seoul Metropolitan Government have created various possible results. Opportunities for civil society organizations and residents in the local community to participate in the policy-making process increased over all and democratic decision-making process was strengthened. Also positive partnerships between the public and private sector were formed through their participation. 
However, despite these achievements, various challenges are also growing and expanding over time. These challenges are not only limiting in the operation of the system, but ultimately affecting the sustainability and effectiveness of the collaborative governance system. Accordingly, there is a need to improve the current community-based collaborative governance system along with a used for changes in the municipal administration environment in order to fully realize the democratic potential of municipal administration. 
Above all, there is a strong demand for a rational reorganization of the relationship between the operating system leading the collaborative governance in each autonomous district, and the plans related to public-private cooperation such as the Local Collaborative Governance Innovation Plan. In addition, it is necessary to improve the policy evaluation system to improve the performance of public-private cooperation policies. In this situation, analyzing the community-based collaborative governance system and finding a strategic plan to enhance it will be important for the successful settlement of democratic municipal administration in the future.
Based on the analysis of the current state of the system’s operations and policies related to community-based collaborative governance and a survey on policy demands, new policy directions were created in order to advancement collaborative governance for local community 2.0. The study set a vision for community-led and resident-led sustainable collaborative governance and presents five policy directions. The five policy directions are outlined here:
 -The re-establishment of the institutional framework of ‘Local Collaborative Governance Innovation Plan’
 -The establishment and settlement of the principle of autonomy before collaborative governance
 -The revitalization of self-government-led public opinion and deliberation
 -The building a decentralized and converged coordination system for self-government realization
 -The creation of a policy outcome system based on results
In consideration of these policy directions, the study suggested 5 Strategic development schemes for community-based collaborative governance
 -Reestablishing the community-based collaborative governance system
 -Reinforcing the community-based collaborative governance committee
 -Vitalizing the community-based public sphere
 -Introducing and expending the autonomy and decentralized budget system
 -Reorganizing the community based collaborative governance evaluation system