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A Study on the Application Plan of Internet of Things in Seoul

Hong SangyeonㆍKi Hyeongyun

The Internet of Things (IoT) can be defined as a whole as a structural process of device, communication network, data platform, and service technology that encompasses data collection, processing, and utilization by the interaction of intelligent devices connected in a communication network. It is predicted that the Internet of Things (IoT) will gradually become intelligent through the combination with AI technology and move toward ‘autonomous things’.

Major cities such as Barcelona and Santander in Spain, Copenhagen in Denmark, Hangzhou, Sejong City, and Busan City in China are actively seeking solutions through the use of IoT for efficient transportation operation, parking efficiency, air pollution mitigation, and efficient energy use. appeared to be Since the establishment of the 「Seoul Internet of Things Basic Plan」 in 2014, the Seoul Metropolitan Government has established an annual plan for the creation of an IoT city, collecting various data to solve urban problems and implementing IoT services. However, limitations such as limitations in the form and content of data collection, ambiguity of the purpose of data collection, lack of integrated management, lack of connection between services in the service sector, and low citizen participation were found to be limitations.

In Seoul, the number of elderly people and single-person households is increasing, infrastructure is rapidly aging, the need to manage underground facilities, and various means of transportation such as self-driving cars and electric vehicles are introduced. Based on these changes in conditions, we seek ways to utilize them in the welfare, environment and energy, and transportation sectors. At the same time, for citizen participation, the living lab project is carried out, the citizen participation platform is built, and a hackathon is held.

Data collected to provide IoT services will cause various issues. Therefore, in the long term, data governance in which experts in each field such as law, ethics, and security participate will be established to comprehensively manage data ownership, utilization, and management. At the same time, by establishing a digital twin based on S-Map, it creates an environment where it can be actively used when establishing policies.