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A Study on Measures for Reducing Safety Accidents at Small-Scale Construction Sites in Seoul

Abstract

At small-scale construction sites (less than 12 billion won), the number of safety accidents increased from 2009 to 2013, accounting for 87% of the total number of construction victims. A total of 10 safety accidents (2015 ~ 2017) occurred at small-scale construction sites in Seoul. Four cases occurred in 2015, five cases occurred in 2016, and one case occurred in 2017. Considering that the selection criteria for a ‘safety manager’ is over KRW 12 billion, it can be seen that the absence of a safety manager is the main cause of the accident. Foreign countries are also trying to increase workers awareness, to operate an honest plan, and to strengthen safety management.
Six types of safety accidents occur due to inappropriate site conditions (improper ground and underground condition of the workplace), improper construction plan, improper construction operation, inappropriate workers’ behaviour, and unsuitable equipment control. The types of countermeasures corresponding to the types of occurrences are classified through case studies and surveys. They include sharing of responsibility for safety accidents and authority, preparation of demolition design standards, consideration of the surrounding environment, implementation of safety budget execution, and systematic safety education.
This study suggests the introduction of new systems such as a small-scale construction site safety management system and a worker report system. 

 

Contents

01 Introduction
1_Background and Purpose of the Study
2_Research Methods


02 Safety Management System for Small-Scale Construction Sites
1_Definition of Small-Scale Construction Sites
2_Safety Accidents at Small-Scale Construction Sites
3_Safety Management System for Small-Scale Construction Sites


03 Safety Management Measures for Small-Scale Construction Sites
1_Safety Management Measures for Small-Scale Construction Sites in Seoul
2_Safety Management Measures for Small-Scale Construction Sites in Foreign Countries


04 Types of Safety Accidents at Small-Scale Construction Sites in Seoul 
1_Classification of Safety Accidents 
2_Checkup on Types of Safety Accidents at Small-Scale Construction Sites in Seoul 
3_Key Issues at Small-Scale Construction Sites


05 Reducing Safety Accidents at Small-Scale Construction Sites in Seoul 
1_Measures to Reduce Safety Accidents 
2_Measures to Reduce Safety Accidents Derived from Accident Cases
3_Plan to Reduce Safety Accidents at Small-Scale Construction Sites

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