This study attempted to suggest ways to conserve farmland in Seoul, which is constantly declining and almost is disappearing now. In order to propose a plan to preserve farmland, we examined a previous research conducted on farmland and assessed the factors that can be relevant for preservation of farmland through overseas cases. In addition, we classified the farmland in Seoul into four types and analyzed the characteristics and the farming conditions of each farmland through data analysis, field survey, and interview.
Farmland is an essential element of the city and the foundation of a very important country that is the basis for agricultural production and provides various public interest values. However, the farmland has been devalued by its non-market value. However, recent studies assessing the public utility value of farmland have shown that farmland is an important means of improving the quality of the environment as well as providing stable supply of agricultural products. Overseas, on recognizing the importance of farmland and agriculture, it has been confirmed that various measures such as agricultural activation policy, subsidy payment, tax benefit and land use regulation are being appropriately used for the purpose of preserving farmland. However, conservation of farmland in Korea resulted in preservation of the good farmland in the province, and farmland and other farmland in big cities did not have appropriate legal and institutional devices to prevent privatization of land use.
Most of the farmlands in Seoul are located in the green area within the usage area, and they are used as fields and are located in the gentle slope area under the mountain. Moreover, the farming environment was poor due to the dense division of land and the high price of farmland.
In order to analyze the situation of farmland, we classified the types based on the four attributes of land use, land area, development restriction zone and city planning business district. First, type A is located in the development restriction zone, the land suitable for agriculture is the farmland, and type B is the farmland suitable for the development restricted area and the urban planning business district, Type D is classified as farmland which is not suitable for agriculture because it does not belong to the development restricted area and the urban planning business district.
Regardless of the classification of the type, the proportion of lean farming was high, and the land price difference was in the order of B, D, A, and C, but self-farming was considered to be difficult except in type C. Since types A, B, and D are located in the mountains, production infrastructure is inadequate and efforts are needed to improve this aspect Finally, it was found that all types are underdeveloped, the market competitiveness is weak, there is a lack of adequate trading space, and there is difficulty in supplying the products promptly.
In order to improve the problem, farming support and legal and institutional improvement should be concurrently performed according to the feasibility and the level of the demand. First of all, it is necessary to construct a database system and information portal that can contain various types of information such as,
ⅰ) to identify the farmland situation in Seoul, various types of information such as landlord, owner, volunteer, production crop, farming environment, and land price.
ⅱ) It seems that rent support will be needed for the livestock farming conditions and production competitiveness.
ⅲ) It is necessary to establish an infrastructure to improve the agricultural production conditions.
ⅳ) It is necessary to organize an agricultural policy committee to collect expert opinions.
ⅴ) It is necessary to introduce the local food concept in order to construct the product distribution network.
ⅵ) It is necessary to revise the 「Farmland Law」, 「Rice Income Conservation Act」, 「Seoul City Urban Farming Act」 to ensure rights protection in livestock farmers and various supports mentioned above. Finally, it is necessary to change the usage area of farmland from the current natural green area to the production green area.
01 Outline of Study
1_Backgrounds and Purpose of Study
2_Contents and Methods of Study
02 Theoretical argument and case study
1_Definition and Problems of Farmland
2_Public Utility Function of Farmland
3_Precedent Studies on the Conservation of Farmland
03 Analysis of laws, institutions and overseas cases
1_Laws and Systems in Korea
04 Analysis of farmland characteristics in Seoul
1_Characteristics of Farmland Distribution in Seoul
2_Analysis of Characteristics of Farmland Types in Seoul
05 Conservation plan of farmland in Seoul
1_Basic Direction of Farmland Conservation
2_Details of Farmland Conservation plan
06 Conclusion and Suggestions
1_Conclusion and Discussion