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Promoting Safety of Seoul Citizens Through Support Plan for the Management of Serious Civil Disasters in the Private Sector

Suk-Min Lee・Hyung-Mi Yoon

For safety management of Seoul citizens, it is necessary to review support at the Seoul Metropolitan Government level for the management of serious civil disasters not only in the public sector, but also in the private sector. In particular, in the private sector, management is difficult due to a lack of understanding of serious civil disasters, application status, and lack of practical safety management plans, depending on characteristics of the business.
According to a survey of serious civil disaster targets in Seoul, the total number of targets is about 250,000, including about 240,000 for 11 types of raw materials and products, 7,000 for 35 types of public facilities, are about, and about 100 for three types of public transportation.
As a result of conducting a survey to examine the current status of perception and management of serious civil disasters in the private sector, 66.2% of total survey subjects said, "We know whether it is a facility subject to serious civil disasters." In addition, 37.0% of raw material and product sites and 76.7% of public facilities said they knew if they were subjected to serious civil disasters, indicating that raw material and product sites were less aware of serious civil disasters.
Economic support is the most common policy for improving the performance of critical civil disaster management. Relevant business sites and facilities are general restaurants, fragrance deodorant businesses in raw materials and products, and public facilities that include medical institutions, daycare centers, elderly facilities, and multi-use businesses.
In order to improve the management of serious civil disasters in the private sector, raw material and product sectors need to support safety inspection costs and incentives for excellent safety management and public facilities need to support safety inspection costs and safety personnel maintenance costs. In terms of policy preference, both raw materials, products, and public facilities preferred economic support, while other opinions preferred manual distribution for raw materials and products and consulting support for public facilities.
For autonomous prevention, checklist support is needed to conduct self-inspection on the safety and health management system proposed by the Serious Accident Punishment Act and whether obligations under related laws are fulfilled. In addition, in order to revitalise the management of serious civil disasters, it is necessary to provide consulting to business owners and management managers for the management of serious civil disasters and obligations to ensure safety and health.
In the future, it is necessary to establish a management foundation by establishing detailed status surveys and statistics on the current status of serious civil disasters.