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A Study on the Prospects of Future Cities in the New Normal and the Direction of Urban Space Development in Seoul

In-Hee KimㆍSeo-Yeon YoonㆍHwa-yon Jin

The city, which has developed despite various and complex crises, recently faces new crises and opportunities. These are the climate crisis, infectious diseases, and digital transformation. The digital transformation, which has been gradually progressing through the industrial sector, has entered the era of digital transformation earlier than expected because of COVID-19. As a result, the era of hyper-personalization and hyper-connectivity, wherein the boundaries between time and space are dissolving, has arrived. And the era of hyper-customization wherein 'the space and time I live in now' is the most important, has begun.

With the creation of a digital environment wherein one can work anytime, as well as anywhere, jobs tend to be decentralized and multi-nuclear throughout Seoul. In particular, the connection between jobs and cultural leisure spaces is expected to become more important, as the MZ generation emerges. Residential functions are diversifying as telecommuting and online shopping increase using non-face-to-face interaction. As a result, it is expected that the quality and improvement of housing such as area, structure, and location will improve. Additionally, as consumption activity moves from the center to the vicinity of the residential areas, the living area at local levels evolves into various regional centers. Leisure culture is emerging as the center of life and is becoming more important, and in particular, the demand for leisure in the neighborhood is expected to increase. Despite the transition to the digital era, the demand for nature and green areas is rising, and waterfront activities are also expected to increase. As movement changes around short distances, a safe and comfortable walking space is becoming important. At the same time, according to smart transportation innovation, future transportation will evolve into a three-dimensional integrated transportation system such as underground, air, and water, and a three-dimensional complex of major bases is expected to be promoted.

To respond to this phenomenon, it is necessary to reorganize the existing urban spatial policy boldly and actively. First, the spatial unit of planning Seoul should be reorganized into a metropolitan area, and a neighborhood living area. The metropolitan area should realize strengthening urban competitiveness, and the neighborhood living area should be supported to become a self-sufficient living area. Second, it is necessary to reorganize the land use system to enable the convergence of space use in residential, commercial, industrial, and green areas. Third, parks, green areas, and waterfronts should be established as leisure culture-oriented spaces, so that future generations can live in a safe and pleasant environment. Finally, as it evolves into a smart integrated transportation system, it is necessary to ensure that the ground space a safe and enjoyable walking space.